After the turbulence and civil war following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tajikistan has become a peaceful and rapidly developing country. The overriding aim of the UN, bilateral missions, international financial institutions and NGOs is to eradicate poverty in Tajikistan and to reach the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) by 2015, for which coordination is critical.
The PRSP, JCPS, UNDAF and the Country Strategy Notes (CSN) and Country Programme Action Plans (CPAPs) are inextricably linked, with the PRS providing direction on “where Tajikistan wants to go and how it plans to get there.” The JCPS outlines “how the international community will work more synergistically and effectively to support the PRS.” The UNDAF describes the many ways in which the UN System will compliment bilateral missions in achieving PRS priorities, with the CSNs/CPAPs indicating the specific contributions and modus operandi of UN agencies within the PRS and JCPS.
The NDS defines the priorities and general thrust of government policy, which is focused on achieving sustainable economic growth, expanding the public’s access to basic social services and reducing poverty. All of the state, sectoral and regional conceptual frameworks, strategies, programmes and plans for the country’s development currently in place and under development, as well as the activities of all government agencies, are based on the National Development Strategy. The National Development Strategy serves as a tool for engaging in a dialogue with the business community and non-governmental organizations.
With its third phase of mid-term Poverty Reduction Strategies for 2010−2012 completed, the country is now implementing the Living Standards Improvement Strategy of Tajikistan for 2013−2015. This document considers several issues related to the achievement of many strategic objectives, such as reform of public administration, maintaining rule of law, demographic projection and planning, regulation of labor migration, development of private sector, supporting middle class.
The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) covers the period between 2010 and 2015 and aims at supporting Tajikistan’s goals stated in the National Development Strategy (NDS) and meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The UNDAF has 4 main pillars: 1) poverty reduction and good governance, 2) food and nutrition security, 3) clean water, sustainable environment and energy and 4) quality basic services.
It is known that the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a global action plan to reduce the main indicators of the poverty. Back in 2000, Tajikistan signed the United Nations Millennium Declaration and took up the actions towards achieving all eight MDGs, put forward in this Declaration, by 2015. The process to meet the goals has been uneven, although much attention is paid to the implementation of Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) and the National Development Strategy (NDS) in Tajikistan, the two strategic papers that represent a detailed reflection of the MDGs in respect to the country’s goals and targets.
The current report by its nature is quite different from the previous ones, since it aims to assess the impact of the global financial and economic crisis on the pace and progress towards the MDGs in Tajikistan. In addition, it provides a detailed summary of the new challenges, such as the lowered level of education of young people, increased unemployment, a worsening in drinking water quality, deterioration of sanitation, the difficulties with energy supply, onset and the rapid spread of infectious diseases, malnutrition prevalence and food crisis, among others.
The annual Resident Coordinator Report summarizes the national events of the previous year. It furthermore gives an overview over the progress made towards the UNDAF outcomes and UN reforms and sketches a way forwards for the year to come.
The elaborate and highly extensive global conversations in place at different levels across the world to plan for a Post 2015 Global Development Agenda, offered the opportunity for Tajikistan to contribute to the dialogue by embarking upon a series of national consultations to reflect the aspirations and perspectives of a range of stakeholders on the Tajikistan they want to see beyond 2015. In this process, Tajikistan connected to and became a part of the global partnership to reach an inclusive and people-centred development agenda beyond 2015.